Thursday, Dec. 20, 2018
Though President Donald Trump wasn’t on the ballot in 2018, one-quarter of voters in Virginia’s U.S. Senate and House elections say they made their choices as a response to his administration, according to a new poll by the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Offered a range of six issue areas, a 25 percent plurality of those who reported casting ballots in November said the most important factor driving their vote for Senate was responding to the Trump administration. A 24 percent plurality said the same about their vote for the U.S. House of Representatives, according to the Winter 2018-19 Public Policy Poll conducted by the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy.
The poll, a random sample of 805 adults in Virginia conducted by landline and cell telephone from Dec. 3-13, has a margin of error of 4.01 percent.
In the Senate race, the economy (20 percent) and health care (19 percent) were close in importance to sending a message to the Trump administration. Despite media coverage in the run-up to the election, a smaller portion of voters saw immigration (10 percent) or the appointment of Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court (4 percent) as the most important factor in determining their vote. Education, at 7 percent, trailed in being chosen as the most important issue for voters.
Reasons for voting in the U.S. House races closely mirrored those cited in the Senate race. Alongside the 24 percent who voted to send a message to the Trump administration, the economy (chosen by 25 percent) was the leading factor. Health care (chosen by 16 percent) represented another top issue.
“There was significant drama surrounding immigration issues and the appointment of a Supreme Court justice in the run-up to the 2018 election,” said Robyn McDougle, Ph.D., director of the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy. “But these results suggest voters were focused on the White House and the bread-and-butter policy areas of health care and the economy.”
Insights on Senate race
The poll also provides insight into priority differences among those who voted for U.S. Sen. Tim Kaine, a Democrat, versus those who voted for Republican Corey Stewart or Libertarian Matt Waters.
Thirty-six percent of those who reported voting for Kaine said responding to the Trump administration was the most important factor, compared to 15 percent of those who reported voting for Stewart and for Waters. Kaine voters were also motivated more by health care (29 percent) than were Stewart voters (9 percent). By contrast, the economy was much more important among Waters voters (72 percent) and Stewart voters (28 percent) than for Kaine voters (13 percent).
Similar gaps were found for those who identified as Democrat, independent or Republican.
Independents (35 percent) and Democrats (31 percent) were more likely than Republicans (17 percent) to say the most important factor in deciding their vote was responding to the Trump administration. Republicans were also the outlier in saying immigration was a top factor — 18 percent of GOP voters chose the issue compared to 7 percent of Democrats and 4 percent of independents.
In other areas, Democrats were the outliers:
- Health care was named as a top factor by 29 percent of Democrats compared to only 10 percent of independents and 7 percent of Republicans.
- The economy was named by only 13 percent of Democrats compared to 25 percent of independents and 27 percent of Republicans.
Poll results also showed clear differences on priority issues along gender and racial lines in the Senate race:
- 24 percent of women said health care was the most important factor in their vote for senator, compared to 14 percent for men; conversely, 25 percent of men named the economy as their key issue, compared to 14 percent of women.
- Minority respondents (29 percent) were significantly more likely to list health care as a primary factor than were white respondents (14 percent).
Insights on House races
House races, taken collectively, showed significant differences by voter choice. Thirty-three percent of those who reported voting for the Democrat in their House race said responding to the Trump administration was their most important factor in voting, compared to 17 percent of those who reported voting for the Republican. Democrat-selecting voters also were motivated more by health care (22 percent named the issue) than were Republican-selecting voters (10 percent).
By contrast, the economy was much more important among voters who selected third-party candidates (53 percent) and voters who chose the Republican candidate (38 percent) compared to Democrat-selecting voters (16 percent).
Immigration was also the most important issue for more third-party voters (15 percent) and Republican-selecting voters (14 percent) compared to those choosing a Democrat (only 2 percent selected immigration).
Differences by region also emerged for those saying a response to the Trump administration was the most important factor in their vote. At the extremes, 34 percent of the Northwest region’s responses selected a Trump response, compared to only 15 percent in the Tidewater region. Northern Virginia (23 percent), the West region (25 percent), and South Central (27 percent) fell in the middle.
Poll results also showed clear differences on priority issues along gender, age, income, regional and racial lines in the House races:
- Thirty percent of men named the economy as their key issue in selecting a candidate for the House, compared to 19 percent of women.
- Older respondents (age 65-plus) were more likely to name health care (25 percent said it was their top issue) and immigration (12 percent) than were younger respondents. Among 18- to 34-year-olds, health care was selected by only 9 percent and immigration by 1 percent.
- Income levels also shaped what respondents saw as their top priority. Health care was selected much more frequently by those with household incomes below $50,000 (22 percent selected) than was the case for those making $50,000 to $100,000 (12 percent) and those making $100,000 or more (13 percent). The reverse pattern exists on the topic of the economy, with 39 percent of the top income group selecting that issue, compared to 23 percent of the middle group and only 19 percent of the lower-income group.
- White respondents (28 percent) were significantly more likely to list the economy as a primary factor than were minority respondents (19 percent).
For a PDF of the 12-page report, including complete question wording and detailed tables of results, go to oppo.vcu.edu/policy-poll/.
On Jan. 4, the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy will release further poll results related to the landing of part of the new Amazon headquarters and job performance ratings for Gov. Ralph Northam and the General Assembly. A Jan. 8 release will cover issues of public safety, including gun policy, while a Jan. 10 release will examine economic development and funding for K-12 education.
About VCU and VCU Health
Virginia Commonwealth University is a major, urban public research university with national and international rankings in sponsored research. Located in downtown Richmond, VCU enrolls more than 31,000 students in 217 degree and certificate programs in the arts, sciences and humanities. Thirty-eight of the programs are unique in Virginia, many of them crossing the disciplines of VCU’s 11 schools and three colleges. The VCU Health brand represents the VCU health sciences academic programs, the VCU Massey Cancer Center and the VCU Health System, which comprises VCU Medical Center (the only academic medical center in the region), Community Memorial Hospital, Children’s Hospital of Richmond at VCU, MCV Physicians and Virginia Premier Health Plan. For more, please visit www.vcu.edu and vcuhealth.org.
About the Wilder School and the Center for Public Policy
The L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, named for the nation’s first African-American elected governor, is a top-50 nationally ranked public affairs school. Located blocks from the state Capitol in Richmond, Virginia, the school enrolls about 1,000 undergraduates and 400 graduate students in eight academic programs. The Wilder School’s 10,000-plus alumni work across the public, private and nonprofit sectors. Drawing on the wide-ranging expertise of Wilder School faculty, the Center for Public Policy's programs provide diverse public-facing services including leadership development and training, economic and policy impact analysis, survey insights and program evaluation to clients in state and local governments, nonprofit organizations, businesses and the general public, across Virginia and beyond. For more, please visit https://wilder.vcu.edu/center-for-public-policy/.