Monday, Jan. 7, 2019
Virginians are almost evenly split between favoring and opposing a state law that would allow localities to train teachers and administrators to be armed in schools, according to a new poll by the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University.
The 2018-19 Winter Public Policy Poll, conducted by the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy, shows that 47 percent of Virginians are strongly or somewhat in favor of training while 49 percent are strongly or somewhat opposed.
The poll, a random sample of 805 adults in Virginia conducted by landline and cell telephone from Dec. 3-13, has a margin of error of 3.45 percent.
Republicans (at a combined 73 percent) were much more likely to support such a law compared to independents (36 percent) and Democrats (26 percent). Male and white respondents were also more likely to favor such a law.
In addition, those living in the West and Tidewater regions of the state were more likely to favor training while those living in Northern Virginia and the South Central region were more likely to be in opposition.
“Opening the door to localities arming teachers is one policy that legislators have floated and will debate in the coming legislative session,” said Robyn McDougle, Ph.D., director of the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy. “These findings make it clear that Virginians are evenly divided on the issue, and that a person’s political perspective and location in the commonwealth are key factors in how many see the issue.”
The poll also showed that, when asked to weigh the most important of two goals for local authorities managing public assemblies — maintaining public safety by restricting guns and firearms or maintaining the freedoms of those assembled, including the right to bring guns — 62 percent said maintaining public safety was more important, while 28 percent said maintaining the freedoms of those assembled was the top concern.
The question mirrored a similar question in the Wilder School’s 2018 Summer Public Policy Poll that asked about “objects that could be used as weapons” rather than firearms. Changing the wording in the winter poll decreased the portion of respondents who said prioritizing public safety should be the most important concern from 75 percent when considering “weapons” to 62 percent when considering “guns and firearms.”
In the recent winter version asking about the freedom to bring guns and firearms to public gatherings, women (71 percent), minorities (71 percent), and those living in Northern Virginia (69 percent) and the Northwest (69 percent) were more likely to favor maintaining public safety as a priority. Those identifying as Republicans were evenly split, with 46 percent favoring maintaining public safety and 46 percent favoring maintaining the freedoms of those assembled. Those identifying as Democrats (75 percent) and independents (74 percent) favored maintaining public safety.
When asked about their views on causes of higher rates of gun violence in urban areas, a larger number of respondents said the higher rate was connected to easy access to firearms (53 percent) or to the individual decisions of those living in urban areas (60 percent). A smaller number of respondents (36 percent) believed that higher rates of gun violence are connected to people living closer together.
Those who felt that gun violence was connected to easy access to firearms were more likely to be women (60 percent compared to 45 percent of men) and Democrats (73 percent compared to 48 percent of independents and 35 percent of Republicans). Respondents who agreed that easy access was a cause of higher rates of gun violence were also more likely to have lower levels of household income — under $50,000 (60 percent), compared to over $100,000 (48 percent) — and to live in Northern Virginia (57 percent), the South Central region (56 percent) and Tidewater (56 percent).
Virginians who said that gun violence was connected to individual decisions were more likely to be Republicans (74 percent) and to live in the South Central (72 percent), Northwest (62 percent) and West (62 percent) regions.
Those who responded that gun violence was connected to people living closer together were most likely to be independents (50 percent), while Democrats and Republicans were more likely to disagree. Those living in the South Central region (52 percent) were more likely to agree.
For a PDF of the 17-page report, including complete question wording and detailed tables of results, go to oppo.vcu.edu/policy-poll/.
On Thursday, Jan. 10, the Wilder School’s Center for Public Policy will release further poll results examining public perceptions of the new Amazon headquarters, economic development, and funding for K-12 education.
About VCU and VCU Health
Virginia Commonwealth University is a major, urban public research university with national and international rankings in sponsored research. Located in downtown Richmond, VCU enrolls more than 31,000 students in 217 degree and certificate programs in the arts, sciences and humanities. Thirty-eight of the programs are unique in Virginia, many of them crossing the disciplines of VCU’s 11 schools and three colleges. The VCU Health brand represents the VCU health sciences academic programs, the VCU Massey Cancer Center and the VCU Health System, which comprises VCU Medical Center (the only academic medical center and Level I trauma center in the region), Community Memorial Hospital, Children’s Hospital of Richmond at VCU, MCV Physicians and Virginia Premier Health Plan. For more, please visit www.vcu.edu and vcuhealth.org.
About the Wilder School and the Center for Public Policy
The L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, named for the nation’s first African-American elected governor, is a top-50 nationally ranked public affairs school. Located blocks from the state Capitol in Richmond, Virginia, the school enrolls about 1,000 undergraduates and 400 graduate students in eight academic programs. The Wilder School’s 10,000-plus alumni work across the public, private and nonprofit sectors. Drawing on the wide-ranging expertise of Wilder School faculty, the Center for Public Policy's programs provide diverse public-facing services including leadership development and training, economic and policy impact analysis, survey insights and program evaluation to clients in state and local governments, nonprofit organizations, businesses and the general public, across Virginia and beyond. For more, please visit https://wilder.vcu.edu/center-for-public-policy/.